Visit the Eiffel Tower – everything you need to know!
The Eiffel Tower was built in 1889 and designed by architect Eiffel. The original intention of building the Eiffel Tower was to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution and to welcome the international exposition held in Paris. After its completion, it was quite controversial, and as many as 300 people from all walks of life jointly protested, including the famous writers Zola and Dumas.
Unexpectedly, after the tower was completed, it created a worldwide sensation, becoming the most representative and symbolic building in Paris and the whole of France, and even a symbol of Paris and even France. Before the completion of the Empire State Building in New York in 1931, the Eiffel Tower remained the world’s tallest building for 45 years.
The whole tower is 320 meters high. The tower is divided into three floors. There are restaurants and cafes on the first and second floors. The third floor is an observation deck.
Construction site: Champ de Mars, Paris, France
Start of construction: January 27, 1887 Completion date: March 11, 1889
Area: 10,000 square meters
Building height: 324.79864593 meters
Total construction mass: about 101,001 tons
Building floors: 4 floors
Number of bulbs: 20000
Structural form: steel frame hollow structure
Construction cost: 7.457 million francs
Investor: French government
Designer: Alexandre Gustave Eiffel
Construction use: restaurant, view
English name: Eiffel Tower
French name: La tour Eiffel
Aliases: Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower was built in 1887 and is divided into three floors, which are 57.6 meters, 115.7 meters and 276.1 meters above the ground. There are restaurants on the first and second floors, and a viewing platform on the third floor. There are 1711 steps from the seat to the top of the tower, sharing 7,000 tons of steel, 12,000 metal parts, and 2.5 million rivets, which is extremely spectacular.
On May 15, 1889, in order to cut the ribbon for the opening ceremony of the World Exposition, Gustave Eiffel, the designer of the tower, raised the French flag 300 meters above the tower. To commemorate his contribution to France and Paris, a bronze bust was created under the tower.
Until January 16, 2004, in order to bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics, the Paris municipal government specially introduced its preparations for the Olympic bid on the Eiffel Tower, and the Eiffel Tower has become the country’s “natural advertisement” for the Olympic bid. .
This metal building, built for the World’s Fair, once remained the world’s tallest building for 45 years until the appearance of the Empire State Building in New York. It is held in place by 2.5 million rivets, and it is said that the pressure on the ground is only as great as that of a normal adult sitting in a chair. The four sides of the tower are engraved with the names of 72 scientists, all of whom are engaged in research to protect the tower from being destroyed.
The Eiffel Tower is one of the symbols of Paris and is fondly called the “Iron Lady” by the French. It is known as the three most famous buildings in the world along with the Empire State Building in New York and the TV Tower in Tokyo.
In 1889, the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution, a large international exposition was held in Paris to celebrate. The most striking exhibit at the fair is the Eiffel Tower. It became a symbol of the Industrial Revolution that swept the world at the time.
The Eiffel Tower was designed by French architect Gustave Eiffel. In his early years he was known as an expert on dry bridges. He has many masterpieces in his life and spread all over the world, but it is the iron tower named after him that makes him famous all over the world. In his own words: the Eiffel Tower “drowned me as if I had only built her all my life”. At the beginning, although the French government decided to build the world’s tallest Eiffel Tower in Paris, the funds provided were only 1/5 of the cost. In order to realize his design, Eiffel once mortgaged his construction engineering company and all his property to the bank as a project investment.
On January 28, 1887, the construction of the Eiffel Tower officially began. 250 workers worked 8 hours a day in winter and 13 hours a day in summer, and finally, on March 31, 1889, this steel structure tower was successfully completed by the Eiffel Tower(10 photos). The Eiffel Tower is made up of many scattered pieces – it looks like a bunch of model components. However, these fragments are not plastic, but metal, and there are 18,038 pieces, weighing 10,000 tons, 7 million holes were drilled during construction, and 2.5 million rivets were used. Since every part on the tower is strictly numbered in advance, there is no mistake during assembly. The construction was carried out in full accordance with the design, and no changes were made during the process, which shows that the design is reasonable and the calculation is accurate. According to statistics, there are more than 5,300 design sketches of the tower alone, including 1,700 full drawings.
When completed, the Eiffel Tower was 300 meters high, and it remained the tallest building in the world until 1930. Today, radio and television antennas have been added to the tower, and its total height has reached 320 meters. Standing on the tower, the whole of Paris is at your feet. Every day, tourists from all over the world come to visit. By 1988, the “Iron Lady” had welcomed 123 million tourists from five continents.
On March 31, 1989, the Eiffel Tower turned 100 years old. To this end, the Eiffel Tower Management Company specially hosted a grand commemorative event, recreating the historical scene when Eiffel led the crowd to the top a hundred years ago: “Eiffel” wearing a black dress, wearing a wide-brimmed hat, holding the national flag and 30 “famous people” “, “Construction Worker”, ascended the stairs to the solemn sound of drums. When he planted the tricolor flag on the top of the tower, a 21-gun salute was fired, a group of pigeons flew around the tower, and colorful balloons floated into the blue sky. On the fence on the 2nd floor of the tower, a colorful banner with the words “Celebrating the 100th Anniversary of the Tower” in various languages of the world hangs. Countless tourists have been looking forward to witness this spectacle.
The Eiffel Tower has experienced hundreds of years of wind and rain, and after the overhaul in the early 1980s, it still stands tall on the banks of the Seine. It is the pride of all French people.
The Eiffel Tower covers an area of one hectare and stands on the Champ de Mars on the banks of the Seine in downtown Paris. Except the four feet are made of reinforced concrete, the whole body is made of steel, and the total weight of the tower is 7,000 tons. The tower is divided into three layers, the first layer is 57 meters high, the second layer is 115 meters high, and the third layer is 274 meters high. Except for the third layer platform, which has no gaps, other parts are completely hollow. There are 1711 steps from the tower base to the top of the tower, and elevators have been installed, so it is very convenient. There are bars and restaurants on each floor, where visitors can take a break and enjoy the unique panorama of Paris city: when the sky is clear, you can see the scenery as far as 70 kilometers. Mr. Eiffel, the designer of the iron tower, once said when he delivered the drawings: “Only proper paint can guarantee the life of this metal building.” This sentence is very applicable to the maintenance of the Iron Maiden. Is it also more suitable for The maintenance of people’s emotions today: meticulous care, good start and good end, this is the beauty of the world.
The symbol of Paris The
Eiffel Tower (also translated as “Eiffel Tower”) is a famous Eiffel tower in Paris, France, located at the
northern end of the Eiffel on the south bank of the Seine River in Place de Mars. Construction started on January 26, 1887 and opened on May 15, 1889. It has a history of more than 100 years. The Eiffel Tower is a landmark in Paris like Notre Dame, the Louvre, the Arc de Triomphe, and the Champs-Elysees.
If Notre Dame de Paris is the symbol of ancient Paris, then the Eiffel Tower is the symbol of modern Paris. In 1889, on the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution, the French government decided to celebrate, holding an unprecedented world’s fair in Paris to showcase the achievements of industrial technology and culture, and to build a monument to symbolize the French Revolution and Paris. The preparatory committee originally wanted to build a classical memorial group with statues, monuments, gardens and temples, but among more than 700 proposals, the bridge engineer Gusta Eiffel’s design was selected: a symbolic machine Civilization, a giant tower that can be seen from any corner of Paris.
Romantic Parisians gave the tower a beautiful name – “The Shepherd in the Clouds”. It was named after the designer, the famous French architect Eiffel, and a bust of Eiffel was built under the tower.
The miracle of the Eiffel Tower
Generally speaking, architecture is improved on the basis of learning from the previous work. For example, if you want to build a 10-story high-rise building, it is best to study 8- and 9-story buildings first. Not so lucky for Eiffel, no building has ever been able to reach the height of the tower.
In order to complete the construction of the tower, Eiffel designed many creative technologies:
● Unlike other large-scale construction projects at the time, Eiffel prefabricated all the components in his own workshop. That is to say, when these parts are sent to the construction site, they can be installed very quickly.
● The rivet holes are pre-made with a tenth of a millimeter tolerance, enabling 20 riveting teams to assemble 1,650 rivets per day.
● Each component in the construction of the tower does not exceed 3 tons, which makes small cranes common.
The French say that the Eiffel Tower is “the lookout of the capital”, and it’s true. It has three observation decks, upper, middle and lower, which can accommodate tens of thousands of people at the same time. The three observation decks have different views and bring different tastes. For a century, about 3 million people have climbed to the top of the tower every year, overlooking the city of Paris, which is breathtaking.
The observation deck on the highest level is 274 meters above the ground. If you go up the 1652 steps, it will take about an hour. Of course, you can also take the elevator to climb up. This is the best place to look from afar. It will make people feel that the noisy Paris has suddenly become silent and turned into a huge map, where the avenues and alleys draw countless lines of different widths. All of Paris is at your feet, and when the view is clear during the day, you can see it as far as 60 kilometers away.
The middle observation deck is 115 meters above the ground. Some say the best view is seen from this level looking out. Indeed, the light yellow Arc de Triomphe tower, the Louvre in the shade of greenery, and the white Sacred Heart Church of Montmartre are clearly visible and colorful. When you climb the tower in the evening, you can see the night is picturesque, the lights are like brocade, and the green trees are shaded. There is also a well-decorated panoramic restaurant on this floor, which is full of customers all year round, and seats must be reserved in advance.
The observation deck on the lowest level is the largest and quite spacious, with various service facilities such as conference halls, cinema halls, restaurants, shops and post offices. In the crowd of shuttles, it seems to be in a busy city, and forget that it is 57 meters high after all. The best view from here is close-up. The Charlot Palace and its splashing fountain in the north, the Seine River flowing quietly at the foot of the tower, the large lawn of the Champ de Mars in the south and the old buildings of the French Military Academy constitute an unforgettable landscape.
1. In 1891, a baker in Paris walked 636 steps on stilts and climbed to the first floor of the Eiffel Tower.
2. In 1911, a French tailor named Monsieur Reifield, wearing a spring bat wing-shaped cape of his own design, flew down from the parapet at the top of the tower. But unfortunately, his homemade “Cape Expedition” lost control in flight, and he flew to the hell of death in front of a large audience. He hit the ground with tremendous force, knocking a hole 30 centimeters deep. Afterwards, doctors examined his body. Doctors said Rayfield may have died of a heart attack before hitting the ground.
3. In June 1923, a French writer named Pierre Labrique rode a bicycle along the tower from the top of the second floor back to the ground.
4. In November 1926, in order to impress his brothers who lived nearby, a Frenchman named Leon Colo attempted to fly across the gap between two tower piers. He almost made it, but at the last moment he was blinded by the sun’s rays. So he had to turn left and hit a radio antenna, which immediately caught fire and killed Leon.
5. In World War II, just before the Allies were about to retake Paris from the Germans, an American pilot performed the same feat as Leon, and this time he succeeded.
6. A team of climbers climbed the tower as part of the tower’s 75th birthday celebration – they didn’t use any ladders!
7. In 1968, a cow was hung from the top of the tower to encourage people to buy more dairy products like milk, butter, and cheese.
8. Every year, the tower has to complete a feat of its own – automatically rise. Because in hot summer, the tower will automatically rise by about 17 cm due to thermal expansion – but when the weather turns cold, the tower will automatically shrink to its normal level.
Tickets for travel guide
Use the elevator to reach the first floor of the tower, adults, and children over 12 years old, 4.3 euros per person, 2.4 euros per person for children under 12 years old, and over 3 years old.
Use the elevator to reach the second floor of the tower. Adults and children over 12 years old are 7.7 euros per person, and children under 12 years old and over 3 years old are 4.2 euros per person.
Use the elevator to reach the top floor of the tower. Adults and children over 12 years old are 11 euros per person, and children under 12 years old and above 3 years old are 6 euros per person.
Use the stairs to reach the first and second floors of the tower. Adults over 25 years old are 3.8 euros per person, and adults under 25 years old are 3.0 euros per person.
All tickets are free for children under 3 years old.
09:30-23:00 (January 1 to June 15, September 3 to December 31); 09:00-24:00 (June 16 to September 2).
How to get there:
Take bus 42, 69, 72, 82, 87 to get there.
Food and Beverage:
On the first and second floors of the tower, there are restaurants, namely ALTITUDE 95 (at a height of 95 meters above the ground) and LE JULES VERNE (at a height of 125 meters above the ground), providing catering services for tourists. At the entrance of the tower, there are also snack bars and ice cream shops.
There are souvenir shops at the entrance of the tower and on the first and second floors of the tower.
It is recommended to buy small metal models on the tower. Although this model is very expensive, about 5-10 euros for a small iron model, the workmanship is very delicate. If you buy it in the hands of black people, you can buy six or seven for one euro, but it is very rough, and you must beware of thieves. But souvenir pens, notebooks, erasers, photo frames, etc. are recommended to be purchased on the tower. It’s hard to find anywhere other than the tower.